WMA's Policies on Ethical and Social Issues

The Handbook of ѻýPolicy is issued as a record of the ѻý’s stance on a variety of ethical and social issues. The issues are usually important factors in human health and are relevant to physicians worldwide. Some of the Declarations have needed revision in light of new knowledge or to improve the sometimes awkward wording that inevitably occurs when people of different tongues deliberate together. This dynamic process shows that the ѻýis a constantly evolving, unique organization, ideal to act as a protector of patients’ best interests, and as advocates for the medical profession.

Policies reaffirmed by the 223rd Council Session, Nairobi, April 2023 and the 224th Council Session, Kigali, October 2023

ѻýendorsed the and as a consequence, the following policy was updated:

Policy Handbook English-Version 2024 (printed in May 2024; 9,8 MB)